DUNANT, JEAN HENRI° (1828–1910), Swiss Protestant philanthropist. Dunant was the founder of the Geneva Convention and the International Red Cross. Among his humanitarian causes was the settlement of Jews in Ereẓ Israel, which he regarded as essential for reviving the Middle East. During the early 1860s he tried to arouse the interest of Napoleon III and leaders of West European Jewry in his Jewish settlement plan. He established an association for the colonization of Palestine, and in a letter to the Jewish Chronicle of December 13, 1867, described its basic principles: the acquisition of land by the association; the building of a Jerusalem-Jaffa railroad; and the development of agriculture "aided by the cooperation of Israelites." He traveled throughout Europe in an attempt to interest such personalities as Adolphe Crémieux and Moses Montefiore. Dunant was unsuccessful in his efforts, and his contention was that the indifference of the Jews was to blame. Herzl, in his closing speech at the First Zionist Congress (1897), referred to Dunant as a Christian Zionist. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Die Welt, 1:22 (1897), 6f.; N. Sokolow, History of Zionism, 2 (1919), 259–61, 265–7; A. François, Aspects d'Henri Dunant: le bonapartiste, l'affairiste, le sioniste (1948). (Getzel Kressel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Dunant,Jean Henri — Du·nant (do͞o näɴʹ, dü ), Jean Henri. 1828 1910. Swiss philanthropist who founded the International Red Cross (1864). He shared the 1901 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dunant, (Jean-) Henri — born May 8, 1828, Geneva, Switz. died Oct. 30, 1910, Heiden Swiss humanitarian. An eyewitness to the Battle of Solferino, he organized emergency aid services for the Austrian and French wounded. In 1862 he proposed the formation of voluntary… …   Universalium

  • Dunant, Jean-Henri — ► (1828 1910) Filántropo suizo. Fue el fundador de la Cruz Roja y premio Nobel de la Paz en 1901, compartido con F. Passy …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dunant, (Jean-) Henri — (8 may. 1828, Ginebra, Suiza–30 oct. 1910, Heiden). Filántropo suizo. Tras haber sido testigo presencial de la batalla de Solferino, organizó servicios de ayuda de emergencia para los heridos austríacos y franceses. En 1862 propuso la creación de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jean Henri Dunant (Politiker) — Jean Henri Dunant (2007) Jean Henri Dunant (* 12. November 1934 in Zürich, heimatberechtigt in Genf) ist ein Schweizer Politiker (SVP). Leben Dunant wuchs in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Jean-Henri Dunant — Jean Henry Dunant kann mehrere Bedeutungen haben: Jean Henri Dunant, auch Henry Dunant (1828–1910), Schweizer Gründer des Roten Kreuzes Jean Henri Dunant (Politiker) (* 1934), Nationalrat des Kantons Basel Stadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Henri Dunant — Jean Henry Dunant ist der Name folgender Personen: Jean Henri Dunant, Geburtsname von Henry Dunant (1828–1910), Schweizer Gründer des Roten Kreuzes Jean Henri Dunant (Politiker) (* 1934), Nationalrat des Kantons Basel Stadt Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dunant — Dunant, Jean Henri …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henri — /hen ree/, n. Robert, 1865 1929, U.S. painter. * * * (as used in expressions) Marie Henri Beyle Bazin Henri Émile Becquerel Antoine Henri Bergson Henri Louis Cartier Bresson Henri Chambord Henri Dieudonné d Artois count de Constant de Rebecque… …   Universalium

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